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Posts Tagged ‘child trafficking’

While in the USA adoption profiteers and adoption-advocacy groups have filed a petition to save international adoptions…

Adoption.com, an American company that profits from adoptions,  and adoption-advocacy groups have filed a petition requesting pres. Donald Trump investigate the causes behind the decline in international adoptions.

One of the biggest concerns of the company seems to be the continuous decline in international adoptions. The CEO of Adoption.com, which he founded 20 years ago, said if that trend continues international adoption could completely end within four years.

The adoption profiteers say, “Every child needs a loving, permanent family, whether that child is in a foster home in the U.S. or in an orphanage in another country” and “Adoption prevents child trafficking.”  The CEO of Adoption.com sees the number of international orphans as too large to ignore and cites statistics of orphans who commit suicide or a crime, become homeless and of the girls who age out of orphanages and are forced into prostitution.

 

 in other parts of the world,…

orphanage tourism is a big business;

Orphanages recruit kids to get foreign donations. “The children are being commodified and placed in orphanages for the sole purpose of bringing in donations and other donated goods. The children have families, they’re exploiting vulnerable children, vulnerable people, vulnerable guardians.” Click on the image above to view CNN video.

Networks of traffickers are suspected of recruiting and deceiving children into orphanages to gain money from abroad, the Haitian state research authority believes. Indeed, Lumos found evidence of parents believing their children would receive a better education in orphanages, orphanage directors paid “child finders” to recruit children to the orphanages, and in some cases families were paid $75 to give their child away. “Many parents are deceived into giving up their children, purely so that unscrupulous individuals can make a profit,” said Lumos’ CEO. Click on the image above to read more.

Lumos is an organization that  rescues children from orphanages and reunite them with their families.

Lumos is an organization that rescue children from orphanages and reunite them with their families. They change education, health and social care systems so they can all be protected and protected.

Other people and organizations help vulnerable children escape poverty and be cared for within their families or communities. Tara Winkler is one of them. In her conference at TED (click on the image below to watch the video of the conference), she speaks out against the spread of orphanages in developing countries, caused by the good intentions of foreign donors, and of harm that comes to children when they are separated from family and left to grow up in institutions.

Tara is the Managing Director of the Cambodian Children’s Trust (CCT) which she established with Jedtha Pon in 2007 in order to rescue fourteen children from a corrupt and abusive orphanage. She has led CCT through a number of significant organisational changes, including the closure of the initial CCT orphanage in favour of a family-based care model to empower Cambodian families to escape poverty, assist institutionalised children return to families, and help orphanages transform to a family-based care model. Her first book, ‘How (NOT) to Start an Orphanage – by a woman who did’ was published in April 2016.

“How (not) to start and orphanage… by a woman who did” by Tara Winkler

 

in Nigeria (April 2018), the authorities shut down 2 illegal orphanages and a baby factory 

In Nigeria, 162 children were rescued from a baby factory.

 

Pregnant women sometimes end up in the baby factories after they have been promised health care, but after delivery their babies are simply taken away from them. In other cases, women are raped and conceived. The babies and children are then sold for adoption, used for child labor, smuggled to Europe for prostitution or ritual murder. In 2013, seventeen pregnant teenagers and eleven babies were rescued from a home in the southeastern state of Imo. The girls declared to be raped by one man. Click on the image above to read more.

The first reported case of baby factory was published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 2006. Several more baby factories claiming to be orphanages were revealed over the years by police raids.

In 2014, the proliferation of baby factories and child trafficking in Nigeria has led Denmark  to ban adoptions from Nigeria after raid on baby factory. In 2016, Denmark also banned adoptions from Ethiopia after a series of inspection at adoption facilities in the country. Early this year, Ethiopia banned adoption of children by foreigners. Ethiopian MP said orphans and other vulnerable children should be cared should be care by local system, in order to protect them from abuse abroad. Ethiopia is not the first country that stopped adoptions by foreigners. Country after country has closed due to corruptions, and when a country is closed  adoption agencies simply moves to another country where the stories repeat.  (Read the article, The Lie We Love and watch the documentary, Search a Child, Pay Cash).

Child trafficking through international adoption continues despite regulations

Think first before signing their petition.

Those who need kids to stay in orphanages the most are the adoption agencies and prospective adopters. The adoption industry needs the orphan industry to supply the demand. And prospective adopters need the orphan industry to get what they want (babies). The demand of adopters is for healthy babies or young healthy children.   International adoption creates more new baby ‘orphans’ and adoptable ‘paper orphans‘.  It seldom saves the existing real orphans who are older or disabled than  requested by adopters.

While in the USA, people are signing the petition launched by adoption profiteers and adoption-advocacy groups  to save international adoptions,

In their own country,…

American born babies, mostly African American babies, are sent for adoption to Canada and Europe

“But that organization is mired in controversy, because of the fees it charges its Canadian clients. According to its information package, the costs attached to adopt a white baby can be as much as US $44,000. Biracial? A bit cheaper. But for black babies? Even less. On average, no more than $35,000 US — a discount of close to $15,000 US.”

“Just as the U.S. looks to China and other countries, Canadians look to the United States,” says Jane Turner of Adopt Illinois, a private adoption agency. Adopt Illinois is one of 26 agencies in the U.S. accredited by the State Department to handle adoptions involving an American-born child and foreign parents.

Adoption of US-born children by non-US citizens approved in France, Italy, and the Netherlands.

This statistic shows the number of outgoing (emigrating) adoptions processed in the United States in 2016, by receiving country. In 2016, total  89 American children were adopted by families living in Canada or Europe; 39 of them were adopted to Canada.

children are advertised on Internet for re-adoption (legalized rehoming of adopted children);

 in an annual event called Meet The Kids, companies and associations use highly marketing methods to place children;

Images above from a French documentary, Enfants jetables (Disposable children), about rehoming of children in the USA.

images above: photolisting of children to find parents


children are rehomed through Internet, given to strangers their adopters have never met;




watch the youtube video child exchange or click on the image above to read the detailed written report.

some unwanted children are kicked out from their adoptive homes and end up homeless;

 

 

children are abused or murdered in their adoptive homes

Hana Williams, adopted from Ethiopia, was murdered by her adoptive parents in 2011.

 

Sherin Mathews, 3 years old adopted from India, was murdered by her adoptive father in 2017.

adoptees are 4 times more likely to commit suicide than non-adoptees;

 

adult adoptees are not given automatic citizenship and face deportation or are deported back to their birth country

Adopted at 8 from S. Korea into an American family, Phillip Clay was deported 29 years later, in 2012. He ended his life on May 21, 2017 by jumping from the 14th floor of an apartment building.

 

Adopted at 9 months old from Vietnam, Denise discovered she wasn’t as US citizen when she sought her birth certificate to apply to become a Philadelphia police officer in the mid 1990s.

“We call on Congress to uphold the promise to adoptees by fixing the legal loophole and passing the Adoptee Citizenship Act of 2018 allowing citizenship for all adoptees of US citizen parents.”  Adoptee Rights Campaign.

Fix first before demanding to bring in more children!

 

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Today, May 25, is International Missing Children’s Day.  So to remember and honour the children who are stolen for adoption, here’s a list of some amazing stories of adoptees who solved their own kidnapping cases and were reunited with their parents after being kidnapped as infants or young children.

Travis Tolliver – International adoption from Chili to the USA (Stolen at birth in 1973. Reunited in 2015)

Trevis Tolliver was stolen from his mother hours after his birth in Chile in 1973.  The mother, Nelly Reyes, was told that her newborn son had died  of a heart condition. She never saw her son’s body or received a death certificate. The newborn baby was adopted by a couple in Washington who had no knowledge of what had happened, while his mother was crying and desperately trying to find her son.
Travis and his adoptive parents believed he was abandoned. He tried to find his biological parents when he was in his 20s, but didn’t have the connection to make it happen. In 2014, he was motivated to find the truth for him and also for his two children after seeing several news stories about stolen children in Chile, including CNN’s Children of Silence. He was matched to his biological mother through DNA testing. Mother and son were reunited in 2014, after forty one years.

Read more at CNN.

Nicole Culverhouse / Irene Blanco – International adoption from Colombia to the USA
(Kidnapped at age four, in 1975. Reunited  in 2012).

In 1975, in Bogota, Colombia, 4 year-old Nicole Culverhouse was playing in the park with her brother Jose as her parents worked at a food cart nearby. Her brother ran to get a drink, but she stayed behind. While she was sitting alone, she was kidnapped by a woman dressed in black. She then was brought to an orphanage about an hour away where her hair was cut and her name was changed, within a month, she was adopted in a good-faith by a family in the United States.
After her adoption, she grew up comfortably. She always remembered her kidnapping and the loss of her entire family and national identity, but she didn’t know her real name.
She was happily married and had served in the U.S. Air Force, but her curiosity in her heritage and seeing her family again pushed her to begin searching. In 2011, she stumbled upon on a Facebook group called Adopted from Colombia where she met other adoptees who were in search of their biological families. Through that forum, she learned the 70th anniversary of Casa De Madre y el Niño, the orphanage that took her in. She and her friends of the group decided to return to Colombia for the anniversary. In 2012, Nicole contacted See Colombia Travel agency and asked for a listing of the parks in a one-hour radius of the orphanage.  Touched by her story, Marcela, a See Colombia Travel’s blogger, made their mission to not only to find the park, but to help her to find her family.
Eventually after months of searching, Nicole was finally reunited with her mother, father, brothers and the rest of her family.

More at: See Colombia Travel  (link1, link 2), NBC Latino, and Huff Post Latino Voices.

Marisa Bocanegra – International adoption from Colombia to the USA
  (Kidnapped at six weeks old in 1977. Reunited in 2014.)

In 1977, Marisa Bocanegra was adopted  at six weeks old from Colombia and grew up in Burnsville, Minnesota. Her adoptive family provided for her, but she never felt like she felt in. This led her to move out at 16.
Marisa knew next to nothing about her background, but she did know that she was from Columbia. In 2010, using the few Columbian documents she had, she officially took her birth surname, Bocanegra and turned to social media. She found a Facebook group dedicated to adoptions from Colombia. For the first time in her life, she related exactly to others. In 2012, she posted a note about her search. Two years later, in 2014, a private investigator read her entry and was able to connect her to her biological family.
It turns out that she had been kidnapped and that her family had been looking for her ever since.  Her mother, Ana Elsy Bocanegra Teuta, was offered an adoption form, which was common at the time for unwed mothers and she refused to sign it. But then a hospital worker returned with a blank sheet of paper and told her to sign while she was drowsy under pain medication. Teuta wrote a squiggly line, not knowing it would be used to sign her daughter away. After being allowed to visit her daughter once a week for six weeks at a foster home, where Teuta was told the child could best be cared for, Teuta came one Sunday only to find her daughter was gone. Only then did she learn that her signature had been used on manipulated adoption documents.

More at womenintheworld.com.

Steve Carter / Marx Panama Moriarty Barnes – Domestic adoption USA (Reported missing when he was 6 months old, in 1977. Reunited in 2012).

At 35 years old, Steve Carter became interested in learning more about his biological background. He knew he was adopted at age four from an orphanage in Honolulu, but his birth certificate was created almost a year after his birth and on it, he, who has blond hair and blue eyes, was labeled as half-native Hawaiian.
In 2011, after reading  about Carlina White, (an Atlanta woman who discovered she was kidnapped as a baby from a  Harlem hospital after finding her own baby picture on the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s website, missingkids.com, and was reunited with her family),  he clicked on the website and he found an age-progression image made from a photograph of five month-old Marx Panama Moriarty Barnes who had been reported as kidnapped in Honolulu in 1977. The picture looked just like him as an adult. So he called the Honolulu police and the department. DNA test concluded that Steve was indeed the missing Moriarty Barnes baby.
His biological father, Mark Barnes, reported him missing after his mother, Charlotte Moriarty, took him for a walk and didn’t return. Three weeks later, Mark reported the pair missing. A short time later, Charlotte was found, but there was no trace of the baby. Charlotte was placed in a psychiatric hospital and then vanished after escaping, never to be seen again. He believes that before his mother was found and hospitalized, she put him in the orphanage under a different name, birthday, and she lied about the race of his father. After discovering his true identity, Steve/Marx got in contact with both family members.

More at: CNN, South Jersey Local NewsDaily Mail and on youtube.

Sunny Jo – International adoption from South Korea to Norway (Kidnapped in 1977. Reunited in 2000).

Sunny Jo was adopted from South Korea to Norway in 1977, at the age of 18 months. She was reunited with her biological family  with the help of GOAL., Global Overseas Adoptees’ Link, in 2000. She learned that she and her older brother had been kidnapped. At the time of reunion, her older brother (adopted to the USA) was yet to be found.

Sunny Jo’s journey is recounted in her memoir From Morning Calm to Midnight Sun.

Céline Giraud – International adoption from Peru to France (Stolen at birth in 1980. Reunited in 2004).

Céline Giraud was adopted from Peru by French parents at the age of 16 days old in 1980. She had a happy childhood in a modest and caring adoptive family. Her parents left her adoption record within easy reach and they gave it to her when she left home at the age of 18. They tried to inculcate Peruvian culture in her, but she showed no interest in her origins until she became a mother at 20 years old. In February 2004, she decides to track down her biological parents.  Her adoption file contains the name of her mother and her village. Her then Peruvian boyfriend’s father was police officer in Peru. It took him only a few weeks to find her mother and she learned the shocking truth: she was not abandoned, she was stolen from her parents by child traffickers and then sold on the international market of adoption. In April 2004, she went  to Peru to meet her family  who has never forgotten her.
Once the shock wore off, Céline tracks back and found 25  babies were stolen like her and adopted to France, Switzerland and Holland in the early 80s. In 1980, Cristian, the biological mother of Céline  pregnant with Céline. One day she heard on the radio an advertisement of a charity helping expectant mothers in distress. Delivery costs, food during pregnancy and clothes for the future baby  would be provided. Being very religious, Cristina considered this as a miracle.  At childbirth, they offered to put her baby in a nursery for free so she could continue working and they made her sign a blank paper for registration. She trusted them so much that she called them her guardian angels and she named her baby Doris after Dora, the couple’s daughter who saved her. Three days after the birth, she and her baby were separated. She didn’t see her baby again. Each time she wanted to see Doris she was told it was impossible: the baby was sick, children were quarantined, slum people were carriers of germs… After several unsuccessful attempts to see her newborn, Cristina went to the office of the organization, but she found a closed door. Her “guardian angels” had moved. She filed a complain for child kidnapping, without result.  In 1984, thanks to a local journalist in Peru, the scandal was exposed and a lawsuit followed.  The aggrieved mothers learned that their children had been adopted abroad – without obtaining the right to get them back. The traffickers who sold Céline were sentenced to 27 years of imprisonment. They had stolen and sold 24 other babies like Céline. But they were released on appeal after two years behind bars. The scandal was huge but it did not cross the Atlantic and stayed inside Peru.

More at La voix des adoptés, Alliance pour la démocratie et le progrès (blog), Le Parisien, RFI,  Le blog TV News, and Céline Giraud’s book, J’ai été volée à ma mère.

Cai Ruri – Domestic adoption China (Kidnapped in 1984. Reunited in 2014).

In 1984, Cai Ruru was only four years old when she was stolen from her grandmother’s home in the city of Ruian in Zhejian province, east China. Despite searching the area, Cai Ruri’s parents could find no trace of her. Although the grandmother died broken-hearted in 2010, her parents never gave up hope of finding their daughter and were some of the first people to register at a new country-wide DNA database in 2009.
Cai Ruri was sold to a new family in Putian, Fujian, who had wanted a daughter to complement the two boys in the family and gave her the surname Weng. Her adoptive parents believed they were adopting an abandoned child and paid out money thinking it would go towards speeding up the paperwork. At eight, Weng was told that she was adopted, but it was only when she was 29, in 2014, she decided to search for her real parents and she, too, gave a sample to the database.
A positive match was made  in the national DNA database for missing and abducted children and it was confirmed she was the missing daughter of parents Li Mianquan and Cai Juanjuan, born in April, 1984, and their only child.

More at: Daily Mail, Express and The Nangfang.

Tinan Leroy – International adoption from Haiti to France (Kidnapped in  1984. Reunited in 2002)

In 1984, Tina Leroy was four and a half years old when he landed on the French soil with other Haitian children adopted by French families. Before leaving for France, he was in a nursery, a place where parents could place their children for some time before taking them back.  In 2001, he was looking to track down his biological family since long. He had his original name and his birth place to do that. A friend, in France, was communicating through internet with a Haitian. She put them in contact together. By coincidence, the Haitian had  heard about him.  He was friend of his cousin who had told him about his story, the story of the little Manassé, his Haitian given name, who disappeared from the nursery he was in. He returned to Haiti for the first time in 2002. He learned the exact circumstances of his adoption: he had been kidnapped with forty children from an institution called a « nursery », where poor families can leave their children, for the time to get out of a distress situation, and take them back.  He met with 40 other mothers, victims of the same kidnapping who had gathered  to demand accountability from the Haitian government. They begged him to help them to find their children.

More at: African Child Policy Forum, La Coix, témoignage20 minutes and Tinan’s book, Magnitude 7.3.

Mariette Williams – International adoption from Haiti to Canada (Kidnapped in 1986. Reunited in 2015)

Marietta Williams was adopted  at the age of three, in 1986, by a Canadian couple. She was told that her parents had placed her in an orphanage because they were too poor to take care of her. Her adoption papers listed her name, place of birth, and her parents’ occupations as farmers. She tried years earlier to find her them, but the orphanage listed in her adoption papers no longer existed. Her family name, “Etienne,” is common in Haiti. And she knew of a town, Pestel, but had no online records to search. One day, she stumbled upon a Facebook page for Pestel. With the help of a translator, she posted a message online in Haitian Creole. Two weeks later, she got the contact number of someone who knew her parents. Through a friend who spoke Haitian Creole, she found out that she had four sisters and two brothers in Haiti. Her mother was alive, but her father, Berlisse, had passed away about a year earlier. And almost everything in her adoption papers was a lie. Her birthday was changed to make her younger, and a backstory was invented to make her seem more adoptable. Her parents signed no papers and were not aware of her adoption. She was adopted out of Haiti without her parents’ knowledge. She was stolen from her family twenty-nine years ago.

More at: The San Diego Union Tribune, For Harriet,  Mariette William and on Youtube 

Saroo – International adoption from India to Australia (Lost in 1986:  Reunited in 2012)

In 1986, Saroo was five years old when he got lost.  He was traveling with his older brother, working as a sweeper on India’s train, and ended up falling asleep. When he woke up 14 hours later, he had arrived in Calcutta, India’s third biggest city and notorious for its slum. The little boy learned to fend for himself. He became a beggar and ultimately he was then in by an orphanage which put him up for adoption.  He was adopted by a couple from Tasmania, Australia. Saroo settled down well in his new home. But as he got older the desire to find his birth family became increasingly strong. The problem was that as an illiterate five-year-old he had not known the name of the town he had come from. All he had to go on were his vivid memories. So he began using Google Earth to search for where he might have been born. In 2011, he found his home town on Google Earth. In early 2012, after 25 years of separation, he finally reunited with his mother in Khadwa.Unfortunately, the news was not good about his brother. A month after he had disappeared his brother was found in two pieces on a railway track. His mother had never known whether foul play was involved or whether the boy had simply slipped and fallen under a train.

More at BBC,  Saroo Bierly and on Youtube.

Luo Gang – Domestic adoption China (Kidnapped at the age of five  in 1990. Reunited  in 2013.)

Luo Gang was born in a small town in the Chinese province of Sichuan. In 1990, at the age of five, he was kidnapped on his way to kindergarten by a man and a woman and taken to a far away city. He was given a new name and introduced to a new sister and new parents. At first he had assumed living with this new family would be temporary. But when he realised there would be no reunion with his parents, Luo made the decision to start rehearsing his fading memories, so he wouldn’t forget. Luo’s new parents never explained why he had been taken before they died two years after his arrival. Nor did the “grandparents” who raised him after that. Although Luo’s adoptive parents loved him and treated him like their own son, the desire to find his biological parents had always haunted him.
Back in Sichuan, Luo’s family grew frantic. The local police made no progress with the case and his parents searched him, handing out leaflets in neighbouring towns and placing newspaper adverts. But as the years passed and their savings dwindled, the distraught couple gave up all hope and adopted a girl.
Luo registered with a government website that had been set up to reunite abducted children and their families.  In October 2012, when he was 27, he turned to a website called Baby Come Home, a volunteer-run forum where parents and abducted children share details of their cases.  Luo posted details of everything he could remember – those memories that he had spent years rehearsing each night. The site’s volunteers quickly began to consider the clues. Next, Luo posted a rough map of his village that he drew from memory. The bridges. The walk to school through the rice fields. He thought that the newly built tar road could have been a motorway.
Over the following months, Luo’s case was discussed on the forum and volunteers posted names of towns for him to consider and slowly the search was being narrowed. Soon after he was contacted by a user who told him about a couple from a small town in Guangan city, Sichuan province, who had lost a son at the exact time he was abducted.
The area looked familiar when Luo looked for pictures online, and his suspicions were confirmed when he searched it on Google Maps. After zooming in on satellite images of an area called Yaojiaba, an overcome Luo spotted the two bridges he remembered.
Luo was finally reunited with his family, 23 years after he was taken from them.  After an emotional reunion, his mother said, “In the past years, I couldn’t help crying each time I thought about my son.”

Read more at: South China Morning PostBBC and National Post.

Sun Bin – Domestic adoption China (Kidnapped in 1991. Reunited in 2015)

In 1991, 4-year-old Sun Bin was taken by child traffickers from his hometown in Sichuan province and sold to a family who was desperate for a son, in Jiangsu province on the country’s eastern coast.  After his disappearance at vegetable market near his home, his parents stopped working to search for him and posted search notices around the area and Sun Bin’s mother traveled to other cities in Sichuan and neighbouring provinces.  They always told their daughter, who was born three years after Sun Bin went missing, that she had an older brother.
Sun Bin always thought he was adopted, but he didn’t know where his original home was. He had never asked his adoptive parents how he ended up with them. As he grew older, his wish to find his own family had become stronger and stronger. Sun Bin registered his DNA sample with  a national database in October 2014.  In 2015, at age 28, Sun bin was reunited with his father. But it was too late for him to see his mother again. She died from cancer in 2012.

Read more at: CNN and The Telegraph.

Anisha Mörel  – International adoption from India to Germany (Stolen at birth in 1992. Reunited in 2010)

Anisha was born in 1992 and was taken by the ‘Tender Loving Care Home’, because her mother Fatima could not pay the hospital bill.   Sister Theresa then had her adopted by a German couple. Fathima did not see her child for the next 28 years. ACT, Against Child Trafficking,  helped Anisha to retrace her mother.

More at The Times of India and on Youtube.

He Qingtang – Domestic adoption China (Kidnapped at age four, in 1997. Reunited  in 2015)

In 1997, He Qingtang  aged four was kidnapped outside his home. He was bundled into the back of a car and travelled by train more than 1,000 miles in two days until he was handed over to a new family in Fujian and given the name Zheng. His new family treated him like their own son but he always wanted to return home and he never gave up of seeing his parents again. After getting a job and becoming financially independent, he began the search for his natural family. Zheng approached police and told them that he remembered having been kidnapped as a child. The deputy head of Shenzhen CID said he ordered that a sample of Zheng’s blood be compared with the missing children’s DNA database. It matched with a missing child case from August 1997 when the child’s parents reported their son missing and Zheng, whose real name is He Qingtang, was reunited his family. His relatives told reporters that when he was abducted his father suffered a mental breakdown. He went missing for 10 days after the abduction and when he returned home he neither ate or drank for days on end. In the past 18 years they have been to almost every corner of China looking for their son. When asked what does Zheng plan to do he said that on one hand he had a loving adopted family in Fujian who had raised him for the past 18 years and on the other hand he had his biological family. 

Read more at Daily Mail.

There are more cases of reunion stories of missing children in the news…

 

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(While Quebec adopters are complaining about the long wait to buy a child abroad….)

In the video above,  Joël Legendre (a Quebec celebrity who adopted a Chinese boy in 2004) wishes  international adoption to be much easier. He thinks it has became too complicated to adopt, for example in China. He doesn’t understand why, when they are millions of children who are only waiting to have parents. He wants it to be much simpler and easier to adopt children all over the world because there are endless lists of parents here and around the world who want children, and children who want parents …

En Chine, un père continue à chercher son fils enlevé il y a huit ans…

(In China, a father continues to search for his son abducted eight years ago…)

et des milliers de parents souffrent l’agonie de Xiao [le père sur la vidéo ci-dessus] chaque année

(and thousands of parents experience the agony of Xiao [the father in the video above] every year)

father vanMore details on/Plus de détails sur BBC News.

“Le gouvernement chinois  ne fournit pas de chiffres mais le Département d’État des États-Unis estime que 20 000 enfants sont enlevés chaque année, ou 400 par semaine. Les médias chinois avancent que  le chiffre réel pourrait même être 200 000 par an, quoique la police rejette  cette estimation plus élevée. — Un petit garçon peut se vendre jusqu’à 100 000 RMB (16 000$US), il est indiqué, le double du prix pour une fille. — Une fois enlevés, les enfants sont le plus souvent vendus pour l’adoption mais certains sont obligés de travailler comme des mendiants pour les gangs criminels. La grande majorité de ceux qui sont enlevés sont tout simplement perdues à jamais. — Le trafic d’enfants a d’abord reçu une grande couverture médiatique en Chine il y a 12 ans, lorsque la police dans la province de Guangxi a découvert 28 bébés à l’arrière d’un bus qui avaient été drogués pour les faire taire et ensuite bourrés à l’intérieur des sacs en nylon, où l’un est mort de suffocation. — Mais tout comme les autorités ont intensifié la lutte, au cours des dernières années, les trafiquants d’enfants sont devenus plus sophistiqués.”

Les parents chinois sont en concurrence avec les candidats étrangers pour adopter des bébés en bonne santé

(Chinese parents compete with foreign applicants to adopt healthy babies)

china8

More details on/ Plus de détails sur Global Times.

  “Il leur faut de 9 à 10 ans en moyenne pour adopter un enfant en bonne santé à partir des orphelinats de Shanghai — Pour les familles qui sont confrontées à des problèmes de fertilité, l’adoption est désormais leur seul espoir d’avoir un enfant en santé — Des orphelinats dans certaines provinces ont même été accusés d’accorder une priorité spéciale aux familles étrangères sur leurs homologues chinois. — En raison de la pénurie d’enfants adoptables en bonne santé, beaucoup de gens se sont tournés vers un marché clandestin pour trouver des enfants des trafiquants.”

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china8Click on the image to enlarge it

“Chinese parents compete with foreign applicants to adopt healthy babies- It now takes nine to 10 years on average to adopt a healthy child from Shanghai’s orphanages. Due to the shortage of healthy adoptable kids, many people have turned to an underground market to find children from dealers.”  From Global Times.

An obstetrician was found guilty of selling newborn babies. ( Trust.org)  Twin baby girls rescued as China maternity hospital trafficking probe continues.(CNN)

Four websites were found selling children under the guise of adoption.  (Guardian, Daily Mail and  South China Morning Post)

A cross-border organisation involved in trafficking of babies and pregnant women from China. (China.org and W China Times)

 

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in other parts of the world, parents still wait for return of their stolen children

guatemalaclick on the image to enlarge it

After five-year search and a hunger strike, mom seeks return of daughter from US [link]
Searching Mothers protest in front of Guatemala’s National Palace. [link]


“The Attorney General’s Office (PGN) of Guatemala has received 22 reports of stolen children in seven months, indicating that trade in illegal adoption continues to grow despite the regulations, and also highlights an even more disturbing phenomenon: the use of children for organ trafficking. According to the attorney of the Child of the PGN, Erick Cardenas, most of the stolen babies are sold for illegal adoption or for their organs. Cardenas said the hospital workers, including doctors and midwives often are involved in the illegal business, helping criminal networks to obtain fake birth certificates for newborns” From InSight Crime.

Recommended book: Finding Fernanda by Erin Siegal  McIntire.

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